音视频开发之ffplay解复用线程分析

音视频开发之ffplay解复用线程分析

由主线程创建,负责媒体文件的解复用和读取,读取的数据根据流类型放入到对应的编码数据队列中

查询流信息

创建解复用上下文
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// 创建解复用上下文
ic = avformat_alloc_context();
if (!ic) {
...
}
// 设置中断回调
ic->interrupt_callback.callback = decode_interrupt_cb;
// 回调函数的参数
ic->interrupt_callback.opaque = is;
...
// 打开输入
err = avformat_open_input(&ic, is->filename, is->iformat, &format_opts);
...

is->ic = ic;

if (genpts) ic->flags |= AVFMT_FLAG_GENPTS;

av_format_inject_global_side_data(ic);

if (find_stream_info) {
AVDictionary **opts = setup_find_stream_info_opts(ic, codec_opts);
int orig_nb_streams = ic->nb_streams;
// 读取文件头,获取文件的流详细信息
err = avformat_find_stream_info(ic, opts);

...
}
查找流索引

查找音频和视频流的索引

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for (i = 0; i < ic->nb_streams; i++) {
AVStream *st = ic->streams[i];
enum AVMediaType type = st->codecpar->codec_type;
st->discard = AVDISCARD_ALL;
if (type >= 0 && wanted_stream_spec[type] && st_index[type] == -1)
if (avformat_match_stream_specifier(ic, st, wanted_stream_spec[type]) > 0)
st_index[type] = i;
}
for (i = 0; i < AVMEDIA_TYPE_NB; i++) {
if (wanted_stream_spec[i] && st_index[i] == -1) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"Stream specifier %s does not match any %s stream\n",
wanted_stream_spec[i], av_get_media_type_string(i));
st_index[i] = INT_MAX;
}
}
// 查找流索引
if (!video_disable)
st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO] = av_find_best_stream(
ic, AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO, st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO], -1, NULL, 0);
if (!audio_disable)
st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO] = av_find_best_stream(
ic, AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO, st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO],
st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO], NULL, 0);
if (!video_disable && !subtitle_disable)
st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE] = av_find_best_stream(
ic, AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE, st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE],
(st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO] >= 0 ? st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO]
: st_index[AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO]),
NULL, 0);

开启输入流

创建解码上下文
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// 创建解码上下文
avctx = avcodec_alloc_context3(NULL);
if (!avctx) return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
// 设置解码上下文参数
ret = avcodec_parameters_to_context(avctx, ic->streams[stream_index]->codecpar);
if (ret < 0) goto fail;
// 设置解码上下文时间基
avctx->pkt_timebase = ic->streams[stream_index]->time_base;
// 查找解码器
codec = avcodec_find_decoder(avctx->codec_id);

...

avctx->codec_id = codec->id;
...

// 开启编码器上下文
if ((ret = avcodec_open2(avctx, codec, &opts)) < 0) {
goto fail;
}
开启音频设备

使用SDL_OpenAudioDevice开启音频设备,如果失败,则不断更换音频参数组合来重试

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static int audio_open(void *opaque, int64_t wanted_channel_layout,
int wanted_nb_channels, int wanted_sample_rate,
struct AudioParams *audio_hw_params) {
SDL_AudioSpec wanted_spec, spec;
const char *env;
static const int next_nb_channels[] = {0, 0, 1, 6, 2, 6, 4, 6};
static const int next_sample_rates[] = {0, 44100, 48000, 96000, 192000};
int next_sample_rate_idx = FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(next_sample_rates) - 1;
// 设置SDL音频播放参数
env = SDL_getenv("SDL_AUDIO_CHANNELS");
if (env) {
wanted_nb_channels = atoi(env);
wanted_channel_layout = av_get_default_channel_layout(wanted_nb_channels);
}
if (!wanted_channel_layout ||
wanted_nb_channels !=
av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels(wanted_channel_layout)) {
wanted_channel_layout = av_get_default_channel_layout(wanted_nb_channels);
wanted_channel_layout &= ~AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO_DOWNMIX;
}
// 设置 采样率、声道数
wanted_nb_channels = av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels(wanted_channel_layout);
wanted_spec.channels = wanted_nb_channels;
wanted_spec.freq = wanted_sample_rate;
if (wanted_spec.freq <= 0 || wanted_spec.channels <= 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid sample rate or channel count!\n");
return -1;
}
while (next_sample_rate_idx &&
next_sample_rates[next_sample_rate_idx] >= wanted_spec.freq)
next_sample_rate_idx--;
// 采样位数
wanted_spec.format = AUDIO_S16SYS;
// 静音
wanted_spec.silence = 0;
// 样本数量
wanted_spec.samples =
FFMAX(SDL_AUDIO_MIN_BUFFER_SIZE,
2 << av_log2(wanted_spec.freq / SDL_AUDIO_MAX_CALLBACKS_PER_SEC));
// 回调函数
wanted_spec.callback = sdl_audio_callback;
// 回调函数参数
wanted_spec.userdata = opaque;
// 开启音频播放设备,如果开启失败,则更换参数不断重试
while (
!(audio_dev = SDL_OpenAudioDevice(NULL, 0, &wanted_spec, &spec,
SDL_AUDIO_ALLOW_FREQUENCY_CHANGE |
SDL_AUDIO_ALLOW_CHANNELS_CHANGE))) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_WARNING, "SDL_OpenAudio (%d channels, %d Hz): %s\n",
wanted_spec.channels, wanted_spec.freq, SDL_GetError());
wanted_spec.channels = next_nb_channels[FFMIN(7, wanted_spec.channels)];
if (!wanted_spec.channels) {
wanted_spec.freq = next_sample_rates[next_sample_rate_idx--];
wanted_spec.channels = wanted_nb_channels;
if (!wanted_spec.freq) {
// 如果所有组合都重试完了还是打不开则直接退出
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"No more combinations to try, audio open failed\n");
return -1;
}
}
wanted_channel_layout = av_get_default_channel_layout(wanted_spec.channels);
}
// 如果开启音频设备的参数中采样位数不是16位,则退出,只支持16位
if (spec.format != AUDIO_S16SYS) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"SDL advised audio format %d is not supported!\n", spec.format);
return -1;
}
if (spec.channels != wanted_spec.channels) {
wanted_channel_layout = av_get_default_channel_layout(spec.channels);
if (!wanted_channel_layout) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"SDL advised channel count %d is not supported!\n", spec.channels);
return -1;
}
}
// 将真正开启音频设备的参数保存到 audio_hw_params 中
// 只支持16位
audio_hw_params->fmt = AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16;
// 采样率
audio_hw_params->freq = spec.freq;
// 声道布局
audio_hw_params->channel_layout = wanted_channel_layout;
// 声道数
audio_hw_params->channels = spec.channels;
//
audio_hw_params->frame_size = av_samples_get_buffer_size(
NULL, audio_hw_params->channels, 1, audio_hw_params->fmt, 1);
// 1s数据的字节大小
audio_hw_params->bytes_per_sec = av_samples_get_buffer_size(
NULL, audio_hw_params->channels, audio_hw_params->freq,
audio_hw_params->fmt, 1);
if (audio_hw_params->bytes_per_sec <= 0 || audio_hw_params->frame_size <= 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "av_samples_get_buffer_size failed\n");
return -1;
}
// 返回分配的缓冲区字节大小
return spec.size;
}

启动解码线程

初始化Decoder结构体

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static void decoder_init(Decoder *d, AVCodecContext *avctx, PacketQueue *queue,
SDL_cond *empty_queue_cond) {
memset(d, 0, sizeof(Decoder));
d->avctx = avctx;
d->queue = queue;
d->empty_queue_cond = empty_queue_cond;
d->start_pts = AV_NOPTS_VALUE;
d->pkt_serial = -1;
}

启动解码线程

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static int decoder_start(Decoder *d, int (*fn)(void *), const char *thread_name,
void *arg) {
// 启动编码数据队列
packet_queue_start(d->queue);
// 创建编码线程
d->decoder_tid = SDL_CreateThread(fn, thread_name, arg);
if (!d->decoder_tid) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "SDL_CreateThread(): %s\n", SDL_GetError());
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
}
return 0;
}

轮询读取流数据

流开启完毕后,就开始轮询从媒体文件中读取数据放入到Packet队列中,当Packet队列中数据足够的时候,会wait等待,

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  // 轮询从文件中读取流数据
for (;;) {
// 是否退出
if (is->abort_request) break;
// 如果本次暂停事件没有处理,则处理暂停事件
if (is->paused != is->last_paused) {
// 更新最新处理的暂停事件
is->last_paused = is->paused;
// 如果是暂停,就停止读取,如果是播放,则开始读取
if (is->paused)
is->read_pause_return = av_read_pause(ic);
else
av_read_play(ic);
}
#if CONFIG_RTSP_DEMUXER || CONFIG_MMSH_PROTOCOL
// 如果是RTSP流,暂停就是等待10ms后再重试
if (is->paused && (!strcmp(ic->iformat->name, "rtsp") ||
(ic->pb && !strncmp(input_filename, "mmsh:", 5)))) {
/* wait 10 ms to avoid trying to get another packet */
/* XXX: horrible */
SDL_Delay(10);
continue;
}
#endif
// seek操作
if (is->seek_req) {
// seek的位置
int64_t seek_target = is->seek_pos;
// seek的区间,上下行
int64_t seek_min =
is->seek_rel > 0 ? seek_target - is->seek_rel + 2 : INT64_MIN;
int64_t seek_max =
is->seek_rel < 0 ? seek_target - is->seek_rel - 2 : INT64_MAX;
// FIXME the +-2 is due to rounding being not done in the correct
// direction in generation
// of the seek_pos/seek_rel variables
// seek
ret = avformat_seek_file(is->ic, -1, seek_min, seek_target, seek_max,
is->seek_flags);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%s: error while seeking\n", is->ic->url);
} else {
if (is->audio_stream >= 0) {
// 重置音频编码数据队列
packet_queue_flush(&is->audioq);
// 队列中加入flush_pkt分割标记
packet_queue_put(&is->audioq, &flush_pkt);
}
if (is->subtitle_stream >= 0) {
// 重置字幕编码数据队列
packet_queue_flush(&is->subtitleq);
// 队列中加入flush_pkt分割标记
packet_queue_put(&is->subtitleq, &flush_pkt);
}
if (is->video_stream >= 0) {
// 重置视频编码数据队列
packet_queue_flush(&is->videoq);
// 队列中加入flush_pkt分割标记,让队列的序号+1
packet_queue_put(&is->videoq, &flush_pkt);
}
// 更新外部时钟的PTS
if (is->seek_flags & AVSEEK_FLAG_BYTE) {
set_clock(&is->extclk, NAN, 0);
} else {
set_clock(&is->extclk, seek_target / (double)AV_TIME_BASE, 0);
}
}
is->seek_req = 0;
is->queue_attachments_req = 1;
is->eof = 0;
if (is->paused) step_to_next_frame(is);
}
if (is->queue_attachments_req) {
if (is->video_st &&
is->video_st->disposition & AV_DISPOSITION_ATTACHED_PIC) {
AVPacket copy = {0};
if ((ret = av_packet_ref(&copy, &is->video_st->attached_pic)) < 0)
goto fail;
packet_queue_put(&is->videoq, &copy);
packet_queue_put_nullpacket(&is->videoq, is->video_stream);
}
is->queue_attachments_req = 0;
}

/* if the queue are full, no need to read more */
// 如果音频编码数据队列+视频编码数据队列+字幕编码数据队列中字节数量超过了15
// * 1024 * 1024(15M) 或者说
// 音频流、视频流、字幕流中都已经读取了充足的Packet在队列中缓存着,则wait
// 10ms等待
// 也就是说三个队列中缓冲数据超过15M或者三个队列中都已经有了一定的数据(1s的数据),那么就不能继续读下去了,等待10ms后再来重试
if (infinite_buffer < 1 &&
(is->audioq.size + is->videoq.size + is->subtitleq.size >
MAX_QUEUE_SIZE ||
(stream_has_enough_packets(is->audio_st, is->audio_stream,
&is->audioq) &&
stream_has_enough_packets(is->video_st, is->video_stream,
&is->videoq) &&
stream_has_enough_packets(is->subtitle_st, is->subtitle_stream,
&is->subtitleq)))) {
/* wait 10 ms */
SDL_LockMutex(wait_mutex);
// 等待10ms后,重新循环
SDL_CondWaitTimeout(is->continue_read_thread, wait_mutex, 10);
SDL_UnlockMutex(wait_mutex);
continue;
}
// 处理播放结束
if (!is->paused &&
(!is->audio_st || (is->auddec.finished == is->audioq.serial &&
frame_queue_nb_remaining(&is->sampq) == 0)) &&
(!is->video_st || (is->viddec.finished == is->videoq.serial &&
frame_queue_nb_remaining(&is->pictq) == 0))) {
// loop = 0 表示无限循环, 否则表示循环次数,每次结束-1,直到等于1停止循环
if (loop != 1 && (!loop || --loop)) {
stream_seek(is, start_time != AV_NOPTS_VALUE ? start_time : 0, 0, 0);
} else if (autoexit) {
ret = AVERROR_EOF;
goto fail;
}
}
// 读取一个Packet
ret = av_read_frame(ic, pkt);
if (ret < 0) {
// 读取失败
if ((ret == AVERROR_EOF || avio_feof(ic->pb)) && !is->eof) {
// 如果文件流已经结束,放入一个空的Packet到队列中
if (is->video_stream >= 0)
packet_queue_put_nullpacket(&is->videoq, is->video_stream);
if (is->audio_stream >= 0)
packet_queue_put_nullpacket(&is->audioq, is->audio_stream);
if (is->subtitle_stream >= 0)
packet_queue_put_nullpacket(&is->subtitleq, is->subtitle_stream);
// EOF 流结束
is->eof = 1;
}
if (ic->pb && ic->pb->error) break;
SDL_LockMutex(wait_mutex);
// 等待10ms
SDL_CondWaitTimeout(is->continue_read_thread, wait_mutex, 10);
SDL_UnlockMutex(wait_mutex);
continue;
} else {
is->eof = 0;
}
/* check if packet is in play range specified by user, then queue, otherwise
* discard */
// 流的开始时间
stream_start_time = ic->streams[pkt->stream_index]->start_time;
// 当前Packet的PTS
pkt_ts = pkt->pts == AV_NOPTS_VALUE ? pkt->dts : pkt->pts;
// 当前Packet的PTS - 流开始时间 <= 播放时长duration
// 则表明当前Packet是在播放范围内的
pkt_in_play_range =
duration == AV_NOPTS_VALUE ||
(pkt_ts -
(stream_start_time != AV_NOPTS_VALUE ? stream_start_time : 0)) *
av_q2d(ic->streams[pkt->stream_index]->time_base) -
(double)(start_time != AV_NOPTS_VALUE ? start_time : 0) /
1000000 <=
((double)duration / 1000000);
if (pkt->stream_index == is->audio_stream && pkt_in_play_range) {
// 音频Packet,放入到音频编码数据队列中
packet_queue_put(&is->audioq, pkt);
} else if (pkt->stream_index == is->video_stream && pkt_in_play_range &&
!(is->video_st->disposition & AV_DISPOSITION_ATTACHED_PIC)) {
// 音频Packet,放入到音频编码数据队列中
packet_queue_put(&is->videoq, pkt);
} else if (pkt->stream_index == is->subtitle_stream && pkt_in_play_range) {
// 音频Packet,放入到音频编码数据队列中
packet_queue_put(&is->subtitleq, pkt);
} else {
// 类型都不符合,则释放不处理
av_packet_unref(pkt);
}
}

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